@use JSDoc

AMD Modules

Table of Contents

Overview

JSDoc 3 makes it possible to document modules that use the Asynchronous Module Definition (AMD) API, which is implemented by libraries such as RequireJS. This page explains how to document an AMD module for JSDoc, based on the coding conventions that your module uses.

If you're documenting CommonJS or Node.js modules, see CommonJS Modules for instructions.

Module identifiers

When you document an AMD module, you'll use an @exports tag or @module tag to document the identifier that's passed to the require() function. For example, if users load the module by calling require('my/shirt', /* callback */), you'll write a JSDoc comment that contains the tag @exports my/shirt or @module my/shirt. The examples below can help you decide which of these tags to use.

If you use the @exports or @module tag without a value, JSDoc will try to guess the correct module identifier based on the filepath.

When you use a JSDoc namepath to refer to a module from another JSDoc comment, you must add the prefix module:. For example, if you want the documentation for the module my/pants to link to the module my/shirt, you could use the @see tag to document my/pants as follows:

/**
 * Pants module.
 * @module my/pants
 * @see module:my/shirt
 */

Similarly, the namepath for each member of the module will start with module:, followed by the module name. For example, if your my/pants module exports a Jeans constructor, and Jeans has an instance method named hem, the instance method's longname is module:my/pants.Jeans#hem.

Function that returns an object literal

If you define your AMD module as a function that returns an object literal, use the @exports tag to document the module's name. JSDoc will automatically detect that the object's properties are members of the module.

Function that returns an object literal
define('my/shirt', function() {
   /**
    * A module representing a shirt.
    * @exports my/shirt
    */
    var shirt = {
        /** The module's `color` property. */
        color: 'black',

        /**
         * Create a new Turtleneck.
         * @class
         * @param {string} size - The size (`XS`, `S`, `M`, `L`, `XL`, or `XXL`).
         */
        Turtleneck: function(size) {
            /** The class's `size` property. */
            this.size = size;
        }
    };

    return shirt;
});

Function that returns another function

If you define your module as a function that exports another function, such as a constructor, you can use a standalone comment with a @module tag to document the module. You can then use an @alias tag to tell JSDoc that the function uses the same longname as the module.

Function that returns a constructor
/**
 * A module representing a jacket.
 * @module my/jacket
 */
define('my/jacket', function() {
    /**
     * Create a new jacket.
     * @class
     * @alias module:my/jacket
     */
    var Jacket = function() {
        // ...
    };

    /** Zip up the jacket. */
    Jacket.prototype.zip = function() {
        // ...
    };

    return Jacket;
});

Module declared in a return statement

If you declare your module object in a function's return statement, you can use a standalone comment with a @module tag to document the module. You can then add an @alias tag to tell JSDoc that the module object has the same longname as the module.

Module declared in a return statement
/**
 * Module representing a shirt.
 * @module my/shirt
 */

define('my/shirt', function() {
    // Do setup work here.

    return /** @alias module:my/shirt */ {
        /** Color. */
        color: 'black',
        /** Size. */
        size: 'unisize'
    };
});

Module object passed to a function

If the module object is passed into the function that defines your module, you can document the module by adding an @exports tag to the function parameter. This pattern is supported in JSDoc 3.3.0 and later.

Module object passed to a function
define('my/jacket', function(
    /**
     * Utility functions for jackets.
     * @exports my/jacket
     */
    module) {

    /**
     * Zip up a jacket.
     * @param {Jacket} jacket - The jacket to zip up.
     */
    module.zip = function(jacket) {
        // ...
    };
});

Multiple modules defined in one file

If you define more than one AMD module in a single JavaScript file, use the @exports tag to document each module object.

Multiple AMD modules defined in one file
// one module
define('html/utils', function() {
    /**
     * Utility functions to ease working with DOM elements.
     * @exports html/utils
     */
    var utils = {
        /**
         * Get the value of a property on an element.
         * @param {HTMLElement} element - The element.
         * @param {string} propertyName - The name of the property.
         * @return {*} The value of the property.
         */
        getStyleProperty: function(element, propertyName) { }
    };

    /**
     * Determine if an element is in the document head.
     * @param {HTMLElement} element - The element.
     * @return {boolean} Set to `true` if the element is in the document head,
     * `false` otherwise.
     */
    utils.isInHead = function(element) { }

    return utils;
    }
);

// another module
define('tag', function() {
    /** @exports tag */
    var tag = {
        /**
         * Create a new Tag.
         * @class
         * @param {string} tagName - The name of the tag.
         */
        Tag: function(tagName) {
            // ...
        }
    };

    return tag;
});